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Chemistry Eur. J. [LCSOM]

Mar 26 2020

Abstract :

The pentamethylcyclopentadienyl N‐heterocyclic carbene nickel complex [Ni(η 5 ‐C 5 Me 5 )Cl(IMes)] (IMes = 1,3‐dimesitylimidazol‐2‐ylidene) efficiently catalyses the anti‐Markovnikov hydroboration of alkenes with catecholborane in the presence of a catalytic amount of potassium tert ‐butoxide, and joins the very exclusive club of nickel catalysts for this important transformation. Interestingly, the regioselectivity can be reversed in some cases by using pinacolborane instead of catecholborane. Mechanistic investigations involving control experiments, 1 H and 11 B NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, piezometric measurements and DFT calculations suggest an initial reduction of the Ni(II) precursor to a Ni(I) active species with the concomitant release of H 2 . The crucial role of the alkoxo‐catecholato‐borohydride species resulting from the reaction of potassium tert ‐butoxide with catecholborane in the formation of an intermediate nickel‐hydride species that would then be reduced a Ni(I) active species, is highlighted.

Reference :

Franck Ulm, Yann Cornaton, Jean-Pierre Djukic, Michael J Chetcuti, Vincent Ritleng

Hydroboration of alkenes catalysed by a nickel N‐heterocyclic carbene complex: reaction and mechanistic aspects

Chemistry A European Journal, First published : 25 March 2020, DOI : https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202000289

Contact chercheur :

Yann Cornaton et Jean-Pierre Djukic, équipe LCSOM, Institut de Chimie (UMR 7177).