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[BCB] Biométaux et Chimie Biologique

Head of the research group

Peter FALLER
Professeur à l'Unistra

Year of creation of the group- 2015

Secretarial and accounting services provided by

Paola SAGER
email : paola.sager@unistra.fr
Phone : +33 (0)3 68 85 12 41

Permanent members

  •  Peter FALLER
    Professeur à l'Unistra
    email :
    pfaller@unistra.fr
    Phone :
    +33 (0)3 68 85 69 49
  •  Laurent RAIBAUT
    Maître de Conférences à l'Unistra
    email :
    raibaut@unistra.fr
    Phone :
    +33 (0)3 68 85 14 26
  •  Vincent LEBRUN
    Chargé de Recherche au CNRS
    email:
    vlebrun@unistra.fr
    Phone:
    +33 (0)3 68 85 14 26
  •  Angélique SOUR
    Chargée de Recherche au CNRS
    email:
    a.sour@unistra.fr
    Phone:
    +33 (0)3 68 85 13 63

Non-permanent members

Postdocs

PhD Student

M2 Students

Description of the research group

Our research group works at the interface of chemistry with biology. The main topic deals with amyloidogenic peptides and their interaction with d-block metal ions like copper and zinc. Amyloidogenic peptides can form amyloids by a self-assembly process. Amyloids are fibrils of about 10 nm diameter and several 100ds of nm length and they are found in several diseases, in particular in neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer, Parkinson, Prion,…). High amounts of copper, zinc and iron are found bound to amyloid-beta in the amyloid plaques in Alzheimer patients. Therefore we are interested in how these metal ions interact with amyloidogenic peptides, e.g. to decipher how they impact the self-assembly process and what is the reactivity of these complexes between metal and amyloidogenic peptides. In this context, we are particularly interested in the mechanism of production of reactive oxygen species by Cu-amyloid-beta. We study also the interaction with other metalloproteins concerning metal-exchange reactions or with small compounds like fluorophores (for detection) or inhibitors (potential therapeutic agents).

Recently, building on our expertise on peptide aggregation, our group started to investigate new possibilities offered by peptide self-assembly to develop biomaterials. Natural silks (from the mulberry silkworm or from spiders) are nothing else than filaments made of aggregated proteins. Noteworthy, they display very interesting mechanical properties. Therefore, being able to synthesize silk-like materials made of de novo peptides holds great potential, since that it would open the way to fine-tune the mechanical properties via sequence mutation. 

Main Methods:

Spectroscopical methods (EPR, NMR, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, circular diochroism, absorbance, fluorescence …), microscopies (AFM, TEM), isothermal titration calorimetry, chromatography, electrophoreses, solid-phase peptide synthesis.

Key words:

biometals; bioinorganic chemistry; bioorganic chemistry; copper, zinc, iron; peptides; Chemical protein synthesis; bioconjugation; metalloproteins, reactive oxygen species, self-assembly; amyloids; metal trafficking; fluorophores; inhibitors; spectroscopies.

List of equipment and instruments

  • Plate reader to measure fluorescence and absorbance in 96 or 384 wells plate
  • UV-Vis spectrophotometer
  • HPLC (analytical and preparative)
  • Lyophilizer

Recent publications

REVIEWS:

C. Cheignon, M. Tomas, D. Bonnefont-Rousselot, P. Faller, C. Hureau, F. Collin
Oxidative stress and the amyloid beta peptide in Alzheimer’s Disease
Redox Biology, 2017
14, 450-464

Nasica-Labouze J, Nguyen PH, Sterpone F, Berthoumieu O, Buchete NV, Coté S, De Simone A, Doig AJ, Faller P, Garcia A, Laio A, Li MS, Melchionna S, Mousseau N, Mu Y, Paravastu A, Pasquali S, Rosenman DJ, Strodel B, Tarus B, Viles JH, Zhang T, Wang C, Derreumaux P.
Amyloid β Protein and Alzheimer's Disease: When Computer Simulations Complement Experimental Studies
Chem Rev.
2015, 115, 3518-63

Faller P, Hureau C, La Penna G.
Metal ions and intrinsically disordered proteins and peptides: from Cu/Zn amyloid-β to general principles
Acc Chem Res.
2014, 47,2252-9

Faller P, Hureau C, Berthoumieu O.
Role of metal ions in the self-assembly of the Alzheimer's amyloid-β peptide.
Inorg Chem.
2013,52, 12193-206

ORIGINAL ARTICLES:

Alice Santoro, Nina Wezynfeld, Milan Vašák , Wojciech Bal, and Peter Faller
Cysteine and Glutathione trigger the Cu-Zn swap between Cu(II)-Amyloid-β4-16 peptide and Zn7-Metallothionein-3
Chem. Comm.,
2017, 53, 11634-11637

Clémence Cheignon, Megan Jones, Elena Atrián-Blasco, Isabelle Kieffer, Peter Faller, Fabrice Collin, Christelle Hureau
dentification of key structural features of the elusive Cu-Aβ complex generating ROS in Alzheimer’s Disease
Chemical Science,2017, 8, 5107-5118 

Reybier K, Ayala S, Alies B, Rodrigues JV, Bustos Rodriguez S, La Penna G, Collin F, Gomes CM, Hureau C, Faller P.
Free Superoxide is an Intermediate in the Production of H2 O2 by Copper(I)-Aβ Peptide and O2
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2016, 55, 1085-9

Berthoumieu O, Nguyen PH, Castillo-Frias MP, Ferre S, Tarus B, Nasica-Labouze J, Noël S, Saurel O, Rampon C, Doig AJ, Derreumaux P, Faller P.
Combined Experimental and Simulation Studies Suggest a Revised Mode of Action of the Anti-Alzheimer Disease Drug NQ-Trp.
Chemistry. 2015 , 21, 12657-66

Alies B, Eury H, Essassi el M, Pratviel G, Hureau C, Faller P.
Concept for simultaneous and specific in situ monitoring of amyloid oligomers and fibrils via Förster resonance energy transfer
Anal Chem. 2014, 86, 11877-82

Photo gallery

a small overview of our research group

photo de l'équipe BCB