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Int. J. of Quantum Chemistry [LCQ]

mars 23 2020

Abstract :

Two (so‐called left and right) variants of N‐centered ensemble density‐functional theory (DFT) are presented. Unlike the original formulation of the theory, these variants allow for the description of systems with a fractional electron number. While conventional DFT for open systems uses only the true electron density as basic variable, left/right N‐centered ensemble DFT relies instead on (a) a fictitious ensemble density that integrates to a central (integral) number N of electrons, and (b) a grand canonical ensemble weight α which is equal to the deviation of the true electron number from N. Within such a formalism, the infamous derivative discontinuity that appears when crossing an integral number of electrons is described exactly through the dependence in α of the left and right N‐centered ensemble Hartree‐exchange‐correlation density functionals. Incorporating N‐centered ensembles into existing density‐functional embedding theories is expected to pave the way toward the in‐principle‐exact description of an open fragment by means of a pure‐state N‐electron many‐body wavefunction. Work is currently in progress in this direction.

Reference :

Bruno Senjean & Emmanuel Fromager

N‐centered ensemble density‐functional theory for open systems

Internationnal Journal of Quantum Chemistry (Full Paper, Open Access), First published : 21 February 2020, DOI : https://doi.org/10.1002/qua.26190

Contact chercheur :

E. Fromager, équipe LCQ, Institut de Chimie de Strasbourg (UMR 7177).