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Dalton Trans. [SOCAT]

nov. 14 2019


A series of new Pd–PEPPSI complexes containing imidazolylidene ligands with a mixed 9-alkyl-9- fluorenyl/aryl N,N’-substitution pattern have been synthesised. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies were carried out for four complexes, which revealed that the N-heterocyclic carbene ligands display a semi- open, unsymmetrical space occupancy about the metal. Despite their particular unsymmetrical shape, the new complexes were found to perform as well in Suzuki–Miyaura cross coupling (dioxane, 80 °C) as previously reported, highly active analogues bearing two sterically protecting 9-alkylfluorenyl substituents. They were further found to be considerably more active than the standard Pd–PEPPSI complexes [PdCl2IMes(pyridine)] and [PdCl2IPr(pyridine)]. Surprisingly, unlike the latter, the unsymmetrical complexes of this study were practically inactive in isopropanol at 80 °C. Under these conditions the complexes appear to decompose with formation of non-stabilised nanoparticles.


H. Almallah, E. Brenner, D. Matt, J. Harrowfield, M. Jahjah and A. Hijazi

Palladium complexes of N-heterocyclic carbenes displaying an unsymmetrical N-alkylfluorenyl/ N’-aryl substitution pattern and their behaviour in Suzuki–Miyaura cross coupling

Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 14516-14529 - DOI: 10.1039/C9DT02948F

Contact chercheur:

 Eric Brenner, équipe SOCAT, Institut de Chimie (UMR 7177).