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Chemical Research in Toxicology [Dermatochimie/POMAM]

mai 28 2020

Abstract :

Linalool is one of the most commonly used fragrance terpenes in consumer products. While pure linalool is considered as non-allergenic because it has a very low skin sensitization potential, its autoxidation on air leads to allylic hydroperoxides that have been shown to be major skin sensitizers. These hydroperoxides have the potential to form antigens via radical mechanisms. In order to obtain in-depth insights of such reactivity, we first investigated the formation of free radicals derived from linalool hydroperoxides in situ in a model of human reconstructed epidermis by electron paramagnetic resonance combined with spin trapping. The formation of carbon and oxygen centered radical species derived from the hydroperoxides was especially evidenced in an epidermis model, mimicking human skin and thus closer to what may happen in vivo. To further investigate these results, we synthesized linalool hydroperoxides containing a 13C-substitution at positions precursor of carbon radicals to elucidate if one of these positions could react with cysteine, its thiol chemical function being one of the most labile groups prone to react through radical mechanisms. Reactions were followed by mono- and bi-dimensional 13C-NMR. We validated that carbon radicals derived from allylic hydrogen abstraction by the initially formed alkoxyl radical and/or from its b-scission, can alter directly the lateral chain of cysteine forming adducts via radical processes. Such results provide an original vision on the mechanisms likely involved in the reaction with thiol groups that might be present in the skin environment. Consequently, the present findings are a step ahead towards the understanding of protein binding processes to allergenic allylic hydroperoxides of linalool through the involvement of free radical species and thus of their sensitizing potential.

Reference :

Kuresepi Salen,  Vileno Bertrand,  Lepoittevin Jean-Pierre, Giménez-Arnau Elena

Mechanistic insights on skin sensitization to linalool hydroperoxides: EPR evidence on radical intermediates formation in reconstructed human epidermis and 13C-NMR reactivity studies with thiol residues

Chemical Research in Toxicology, May 22, 2020 - DOI : 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.0c00125

Contact chercheur :

Elena Giménez-Arnau (egimenez@unistra.fr), laboratoire de Dermatochimie, Institut de Chimie (UMR 7177).