Vous êtes ici : Accueil   >   Actualités de l'institut : Biomolecules [Biogéochimie moléculaire]

Biomolecules [Biogéochimie moléculaire]

juin 15 2020

Abstract :

Elucidating the lipidome of Archaea is essential to understand their tolerance to extreme environmental conditions. Previous characterizations of the lipid composition of Pyrococcus species, a model genus of hyperthermophilic archaea belonging to the Thermococcales order, led to conflicting results, which hindered the comprehension of their membrane structure and the putative adaptive role of their lipids. In an effort to clarify the lipid composition data of the Pyrococcus genus, we thoroughly investigated the distribution of both the core lipids (CL) and intact polar lipids (IPL) of the model Pyrococcus furiosus and, for the first time, of Pyrococcus yayanosii, the sole obligate piezophilic hyperthermophilic archaeon known to date. We showed a low diversity of IPL in the lipid extract of P. furiosus, which nonetheless allowed the first report of phosphatidyl inositol-based glycerol mono- and trialkyl glycerol tetraethers. With up to 13 different CL structures identified, the acid methanolysis of Pyrococcus furiosus revealed an unprecedented CL diversity and showed strong discrepancies with the IPL compositions reported here and in previous studies. By contrast, P. yayanosii displayed fewer CL structures but a much wider variety of polar heads. Our results showed severe inconsistencies between IPL and CL relative abundances. Such differences highlight the diversity and complexity of the Pyrococcus plasma membrane composition and demonstrate that a large part of its lipids remains uncharacterized. Reassessing the lipid composition of model archaea should lead to a better understanding of the structural diversity of their lipidome and of their physiological and adaptive functions.

Reference :

Maxime Tourte, Vanessa Kuentz, Philippe Schaeffer, Vincent Grossi, Anais Cario and Philippe M. Oger

Novel Intact Polar and Core Lipid Compositions in the Pyrococcus Model Species, P. furiosus and P. yayanosii, Reveal the Largest Lipid Diversity Amongst Thermococcales

Biomolecules 2020, 10(6), 830 – DOI : https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10060830


Contact chercheur :

P. Schaeffer, équipe Biogéochimie moléculaire, Institut de Chimie (UMR 7177).